Listed below are some suggestions for cleansing up your fall backyard – Studying Eagle

Replacement or replacement – it’s about putting the garden to sleep. What to do and what not! One thing is clear: Always keep your garden clean. If you see any signs of illness such as pests or mold, dispose of the unhealthy substance immediately. This unhealthy material won’t fit in your compost heap.

Compost creates humus that stores water and helps fight pests and diseases. Make sure you remove / dispose of it before weeds grow. Prepare spring soil, cover plants, prune as needed, plant spring onions, harvest / regenerate compost and apply a fresh layer of mulch to the garden.

Fall is a good time for soil testing. If your soil is broken, fix it now and get off to a healthy start into spring. You can remove yearbooks. However, perennials live at least two years. You can benefit from pruning in the fall, but research the specific needs of the plant first.

Are you a gardener who gets rid of everything to create a clean slate? Consider taking shelter in perennial vegetation and spawning beneficial insects. Useful insects will provide a natural defense against aphids and spider mites in the garden for the next year.

Some plants, like cornflower, provide seeds for birds. It is best not to upset the natural balance by removing this vegetation. It also offers attractive architectural details for winter landscapes.

Consider bringing herbs, bonsai, and potted cacti indoors to save them. It’s a good idea to keep track of the plants that you like and that will work well in any garden area. For reference for the next year, you can take photos, mark plants and sketch details of your favorite garden.

To extend the life of the garden tool, it should be cleaned before storage. Rust should be treated with sandpaper or wire brush and wiped with an oiled cloth to save in winter.

Brown leaves, shredded paper, straw, or sawdust are composted to provide carbon, and shredded greens (clippings, kitchen waste) are composted to provide nitrogen. Keep the pile moist, but not wet. It should be at least 3 feet by 3 feet and rotated slowly. Rest assured that we have given the go-ahead for the next season. Now let’s sit down and start planning the landscape for the next year.

Elizabeth Farrell is a Master Gardener Volunteer at Pennsylvania State University.

Update for spotted lantern flies

Spotted lantern flies tend to swarm in September. Studies show that this is likely because you need to find food. If the same tree as Ailanthus is fed large amounts of food for long periods of time, it can run out of food resources, motivating it to move around in search of other suitable food. This behavior is short-lived and lasts for several days.

Facts to Remember:

• Spotted lantern flies do not chew, sting, or attack people or pets.

• Not toxic to pets.

• You will not enter your house to hibernate.

• Research shows that it does not kill trees, but can weaken them.

• Eat plant-based ingredients, not fruits and vegetables.

• Check all vehicles and equipment for insects before moving.

• Spawning begins in September. Look for a gray, putty-like mass.

• Scrape the egg mass into a plastic bag with alcohol or hand sanitiser to destroy it.

• Adults hold up to hard frost.

• Avoid home remedies.

Spotted lantern fly sightings should also be reported in the quarantine zone at 888-422-3359 or online at https://services.agriculture.pa.gov/SLFReport/.

For the latest updates, please visit https://extension.psu.edu/spotted-lanternfly.

Pennsylvania State University Berks County’s gardening helpline answers all gardening questions at [email protected] or 610-378-1327.

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