Treatment for Styes should be tailored based on the severity and cause. It can include home remedies, over-the-counter drugs, and prescriptions. Surgery is unusual unless the style becomes severe enough to need to be drained.
A stye, also called a hordeolum, is a painful red lump that can appear under the eyelid (called the inner hordeolum) or at the base of your eyelashes (called the outer hordeolum). This bacterial infection in the oil-producing glands of the eyelid can be caused by lifestyle or conditions such as eyelid inflammation (blepharitis), seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, diabetes, and lifestyle factors such as contact lens use and the use of old makeup.
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Home remedies and lifestyle
Since a sty is usually caused by a clogged oil gland on the eyelid, it usually heals with simple home care.If youWhen setting up the eyelid to treat your stye, make sure it is as bacteria-free as possible. Wash your hands frequently and wash your face, including the eye area, every day.
The application of heat can help reduce inflammation and shrink the bump.If youThe goal is to pop it so the white pus created by the infection can drain away. The warmth of a washcloth soaked in warm water is not enough because it cools down very quickly. Instead, opt for heat masks that you can warm up in the microwave before placing them on your eyes. Other over-the-counter heating products, such as self-heating eye pads, can also help. It is important for the pigsty to burst on its own instead of squeezing it yourself.
To make a warm compress, heat a damp towel in the microwave until it is warm, or soak it in hot water and wring it out. Make sure the towel is warm and not hot. Some styes will begin to shrink after a few days of this treatment.
Avoid touching the area near your eyes while your sty is healing, and don’t wear makeup until the infection has healed. You can still wear contact lenses, but if your stye worsens, stop using them and see your eye doctor. Gently wipe the eyelid drainage with mild soap such as Johnson’s baby shampoo and water or eyelid wipes. If you’re in pain, you can take an over-the-counter pain reliever to make yourself more comfortable.
When should you call your doctor?
In many cases, when cared for at home, the sty heals without professional help. But call your doctor if your sty:
- Lasts three or four weeks
- Becomes bigger
- Influences your vision
- Spreads to the white part of your eye or on your cheeks or face and creates redness
OTC therapies (over-the-counter)
When styes first start, they can be treated with agents that reduce the bacteria and gently open the clogged pores so they can drain. While treating your sty at home, in addition to applying warm compresses, you may want to try an over-the-counter ointment, solution, or medicated pads.If youIf you
The Stye ointment contains active ingredients from mineral oil and white petrolatum and prevents eye irritation and temporarily relieves stinging and irritation of the eyes. However, this ointment cannot treat the infection associated with a stye and may cause blurred vision during use.If youTo use a pig ointment, you need to pull down the lower edge of the eyelid of the affected eye and place a quarter inch of ointment inside the eyelid. To avoid contamination, do not touch any surface with the tip of the container and replace the cap after use.
An artificial tear ointment can also help with pig symptoms.
Lid scrubs contain water and other non-irritating ingredients on dampened pads that remove oil and dirt from the eyelids. These prepackaged wipes reduce or eliminate the bacteria that can cause a pig pen, especially in patients with a condition called blepharitis that causes itchy, scaly eyelids. Keeping your eyelids clean can prevent styes from occurring. An eyelid scrub can help remove any eye makeup residue that can clog the eyelid glands.
Some clogged oil glands become infected and the sty won’t heal or get worse. If your sty hasn’t started healing in three to four weeks, or is getting bigger and more painful, your doctor may prescribe a topical antibiotic antibiotic ointment that is specifically made for the eyes.
Erythromycin eye ointment
Erythromycin eye ointment is typically used up to six times a day for as many days as the doctor recommends. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully and don’t use more or less of them.If youIf you
Bacitracin eye ointment
Bacitracin eye ointment is also used to treat pigs. Gently wipe your eyelids with water before spreading a small amount of this antibiotic on the infected area to remove scales and scabs. This ointment can be used one to three times a day, depending on your doctor’s recommendation.If youIf youIf youIf you
Antibiotic ointments can have side effects. Call your doctor if you have experience:If youIf you
- Eye irritation
- Eye redness
- Change in vision or eye pain
- Look for signs of an allergic reaction such as hives, swelling, and itching
Oral antibiotics are rarely prescribed for a pig pen. Sometimes antibiotic pills are prescribed when there is significant red patches of skin (erythema), concerns about acute infection of the tissues around the eye (periorbital cellulitis), or a disorder of the meibomian gland.If youIf you
They are also prescribed after incision and drainage of a pig pen if you need this procedure.
In severe cases, the doctor will inject a steroid into the sty to reduce the swelling of the eyelid.If youIt can also promote healing and relieve pain. Steroid injections are more commonly used to treat chalazia.
Surgical and specialist interventions
If your sty doesn’t heal after several weeks of warm compresses or medication, or if your sty has deteriorated and has formed an abscess (a collection of pus), you may need to have surgically drained water. In rare cases, a pigsty can lead to superficial cellulitis, a potentially more serious infection of the eyelid that can lead to an abscess.
The operation is carried out in his practice under local anesthesia by an ophthalmologist or eye surgeon, a doctor who specializes in reconstructive surgery in the eye area. During the procedure, the doctor will drain the abscess with a needle or other surgical instrument and may prescribe antibiotics to take orally for seven to 10 days.If youIf you
A word from Verywell
While styes are common and usually not severe, they can range from uncomfortable to very painful, and lead to other more serious conditions that may require surgery. Home remedies usually clear up the problem in a few days. If you practice good personal hygiene, e.g. B. Washing your hands frequently and not touching your eyes can also help your sty heal faster. Contact your eye doctor right away if the redness and swelling extends beyond your eyelid to your cheek or other parts of your face.