There has been an increase in monsoon-related vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, leptospirosis, swine flu, chikungunya, and typhoid fever in Mumbai and Pune and major cities.
While a number of combat measures have been initiated in the Mumbai Metropolitan Area (MMR) and the Pune Metropolitan Area (PMR), the Public Health Department is also concentrating on the Kolhapur, Sangli and Satara districts in western Maharashtra and the Konkan districts in Raigad and Ratnagiri hit by massive floods last month.
So far, only one case of the Zika virus has been reported from the village of Belsar in Purandar Tehsil in the Pune district.
By mid-July, around 240 cases of malaria, 17 cases of leptospirosis, 10 and 13 cases of swine flu had been reported in Mumbai, according to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). During the same period, the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) reported around 300 cases of dengue, malaria and swine flu.
The number of monsoon-related complaints has increased this year due to the relaxation of lockdown restrictions, which has resulted in free movement of people after the Covid-19 curve flattened during the second wave.
Now people have started eating junk food again, which is having negative effects on their health.
Dr. Sanjay Nagarkar, General Practitioner, Apollo Spectra Hospital, Pune, said, “Dengue is a life-threatening mosquito-borne disease, typhoid is a bacterial infection that can lead to high fevers, and chikungunya is known as a viral disease that occurs through mosquitos. The number of patients infected with dengue, chikungunya and typhus is currently increasing. The majority of patients who come to the clinic for treatment have a fever, and the number of these patients has increased by around 10% over the past two weeks. “
Dr. Vikrant Shah, Consultant, Critical Care and Infectious Disease Specialist, Zen Multispeciality Hospital, Chembur, said, “We are currently seeing an increase in both dengue and malaria cases. Dengue fever and malaria cases have increased in the past four weeks. If the fever does not go away within two to three days, accompanied by chills, headaches, and muscle aches, a doctor should be consulted. These symptoms could be due to malaria, dengue fever. Even in the monsoons, fever with vomiting and loose stools as well as yellowing of the eyes can indicate jaundice and acute gastroenteritis. Take medication as prescribed by your doctor and do not choose home remedies. “
Dr. Kirti Prakash Kotla, consulting pathologist at Apollo Diagnostics in Pune, said: “Contaminated water in the rainy season leads to an increase in various infectious diseases. Patients with dengue, malaria, typhoid and chikungunya usually have a hard time. With early diagnosis, the patient can be treated successfully through timely intervention. So if you have a fever, just see a doctor instead of ignoring it. “
During trips and awareness-raising campaigns carried out by BMC, larvae of dengue-transmitting mosquitoes were found in 39,481 locations and malaria-transmitting mosquitoes in 7,922 locations.