Deal with mononucleosis signs at dwelling

Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It causes symptoms like fatigue, rash, fever, and swollen glands.

Mono is spread through saliva and hence it is sometimes called the kissing disease. But mono can also arise from the exchange of blood or semen through sexual contact.

Although mono has no cure, you can manage your symptoms at home with over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers or antipyretic drugs, rest, and plenty of fluids.

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Symptoms

Symptoms may be similar to those of a sore throat, including swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, and fever. Other symptoms are body aches, tiredness, abdominal pain, and swollen tonsils.

Mono-symptoms usually don’t appear until about four to six weeks after exposure to the virus. Symptoms that don’t go away within 10 days usually warrant calling your doctor. In rare cases, symptoms such as fatigue can last six months.

Fatigue

Severe fatigue is a common symptom of Mono. Fatigue can be accompanied by symptoms such as aching limbs.

Feeling tired is different from feeling tired or sleepy. Fatigue also occurs when someone has rested adequately. It can manifest itself as both physical and emotional fatigue.

Sore throat

Swollen tonsils and a sore throat are two other common symptoms of mono. Swollen tonsils are usually obvious: they appear much larger when you look at them in the mirror. Your sore throat may cause pain or difficulty swallowing.

fever

A normal body temperature is 98.7 degrees Fahrenheit or 37.0 degrees Celsius. A temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit is generally considered a mild fever, but a fever above that lasts for more than 48 hours warrants calling your doctor.

Home remedies

Rest

Rest is very important as it helps someone get through an illness. Your body will be tired from fighting an infection, which may make you feel different from tiredness every day. Get enough sleep and avoid unnecessary activities.

While recovering from Mono, it is important not to engage in strenuous activities that could rupture your spleen, which is enlarged due to the infection. You are also more prone to having liver symptoms, so it is best to avoid alcohol during this time.

Reducing mental stress can also help, as fatigue has both emotional and physical effects. Whenever possible, seek help with your daily chores and focus on getting better.

If you take a cool bath or shower to lower your body temperature, try a lavender-scented lotion afterward to relax. In a study of 92 adults, people who were exposed to a lavender aroma had less stress after a working memory task than people who were exposed to a placebo.

Other tips to reduce mental stress include meditation, gentle yoga, deep breathing, enjoying an audio book or favorite TV show or movie, cuddling with a pet, and playing relaxing music.

Sore throat relief

Gargling with salt water or throat tablets can help with a sore throat. Dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in warm water and gargle. Spit out after 30 seconds and use a fresh salt-water mixture each time.

Eating cold foods such as frozen yogurt, ice cream or popsicles can also relieve sore throats.

Fluid intake

Make sure you drink plenty of fluids while you are recovering from Mono. If you don’t want to drink water, try sugar-free water flavor drops to improve the taste. You can also drink tea to stay hydrated.

Febrile drugs

Taking a cool bath or shower, or making sure the room temperature is low enough to be comfortable, can help relieve symptoms of the fever.

Ice packs can also help not only lower your body temperature, but also relieve the pain caused by body aches and pains. Do not place an ice pack directly on your skin. Instead, wrap the ice pack in a towel before placing it on your skin. Otherwise, frostbite may occur.

You can also take antipyretic medication at home. If your fever is not under control after this, you should contact your doctor.

Headache relief

Headaches can be treated with an over the counter pain reliever medication, and can also be relieved by lying down, avoiding bright lights, and making sure you are hydrated. Cold compresses can also help, as can a cool shower or bath.

When to call your healthcare provider

Home remedies are acceptable for treating symptoms that follow a standard single diagnosis, but there are more symptoms that require medical attention. These symptoms include extreme pain, consistently high fever, sharp pain in the lower abdomen (indicating a possible spleen or liver problem), dizziness, or fainting.

If you are pregnant, or suspect you may be pregnant and suspect you may have mono, contact your doctor.

Discussion Guide for Mononucleosis Doctor

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A word from Verywell

Mono can significantly disrupt your daily life. By taking good care of yourself and using certain home remedies like rest and drinking plenty, you can alleviate the discomfort of your symptoms and potentially speed up your recovery process.

Complications from mono are rare but are more likely to occur with advanced age, immunodeficiency, or pregnancy. See your doctor if you think you may be prone to complications or if you have any unusual symptoms.

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